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About Graphology

Scientific Studies Concerning Handwriting Analysis Since 1970

Handwriting Analysis (Graphology) the scientific study of handwriting, especially as a guide to the writer’s character.  The basis for handwriting analysis is that we project our personality into our writing in much the same way we show our feelings by expressions, gestures or body movements.  Gordon W. Alport, the famous Harvard psychologist said that handwriting is “crystallized gesture.”  Impulses from our brain dictate the stroke formation.  It has been called “brainwriting.”

Ben-Shakhar, May Bar-Hillel, Yoram Bilu, Edor Ben-Abba and Anat Flug. Can graphology predict occupational success?  Reports on two empirical studies for testing the validity of graphological predictions; Journal of Applied Psychology, p. 645, Nov. 1986.

Beumont, P. - Small handwriting in some patients with anorexia nervosa; British Journal of Psychiatry, 119, 349-350, 1971.

Broern, W. - Graphology and its importance in current medical psychology; Medizinische Klinik, Hamburg, 66, 6, 1971.

Dekay, ML - The effects of drawing method on the discriminability of characters; Visible Language, V0025 Nf: Fall, pp376-414, 1991.

Ericsson, I. - Graphic skills as a diagnostic tool for working with elderly; Visible Language, 24, 2, 214-226, 1990.

(Author unknown) Economist;  CIA agents in the (former) USSR are asked to send any New Year’s cards they receive to the US so that graphologists can check whether their acquaintances are suspicious.  v315n7659, p.97-98, June 16, 1990.

Hatfield, Iris, E. Edward Peeples, PhD, and Robert O’Block, PhD - Examining horizontal lengths of signatures in true vs false statements; Human Graphics Center, 1994.

Hearns, R. - The use of graphology in criminology; Criminal Psychopathology, 3, 461-464, 1972.

Hermann, Ned and Jeanette Farmer - The Theory of Contraction and Release in Handwriting as Related to Brain Dominance; 1990.

Ianetta, Kimon and Reed Hayes, James F. Craine, PhD & Dennis G. McLaughlin, PhD - Facilitating Assessment of Dangerousness by Using Characteristics of Handwriting; Hawaii, 1992.

Keinan, G. - Can stress be measured by handwriting analysis? The effectiveness of the analytic method; discusses theoretical implications and possible advantages of using handwriting parameters as an indication of acute stress.  Applied Psychology--An International Review--Psychologies Appliquee-Revue International:  V0042N2:APR 1993:pp. 153-170.

Kopp, W., G. Paulson, J. Allen, D. Smeltzer, F. Brown & W. Kose - Parkinson’s disease:  L-dopa treatment and handwriting areas;  Current Therapeutic Research, 12, 3, 115-124, 1970.

Kraus, Ron (various graphologists) - Reliability and Validity of Handwriting Analysis compared to the standard battery of psychological tests and the ratings of therapists using the California Q-sort -a Doctoral Thesis, 1993.

Levy, J. - Handwriting posture and cerebral organization:  how are they related?; Psychological Bulletin, 91, 3, 589-608, 1982.

Lewinson, T.S. - Contributions to the history of psychology, Naftali Aries Remembered 1911-1990; memories of an esteemed colleague and friend, who contributed extensively to the understanding of analysis of handwriting.  Perceptual and Motor Skills, V0074N3, pp 1181-1182, June 1992.

Lomonaco, Theresa, Ross Harrison, and Felix Klein - Hunter College, City University of New York; Accuracy of matching TAT and graphological personality profiles, Perceptual and Motor Skills, 36, 703-706, 1973.

Luria, A. - Analysis of the writings and drawings of patients with severe brain damage; Higher Cortical Functions in Man, Basic Books, 1980.

Lynch, Brian - Graphology:  Towards a Hand-Picked Work Force; Personnel Management, Mar. 1985, v17n3, P. 14-18.

Mack, L. - Hemispheric Specialization for Handwriting in Right-Handers; Brain and Cognition; V0021 N1, pp80-85, Jan. 1993.

Maeland, A.F. - Handwriting and Perceptual Motor Skills in clumsy, dysgraphic, and normal children; Perceptual and Motor Skills:  V0075 N3, pp 1207-1217, Dec. 1992.

Montano, Nicholas J. - Neuropsychology of language dysfunctions correlating to features of written language; Alzheimer Disease; neurological; Masters’ Thesis.

Mullins, J. - A handwriting model of children with learning disabilities; Journal of Learning Disabilities, 5, 306-311, 1972.

Nevo, Baruch - National Institute of Testing & Evaluation, University of Haifa - Graphology Validation Studies in Israel: Summary of 15 years of Activity; International Association for Applied Psychology, Jerusalem, July, 1986.

Nevo, Baruch - Yes, graphology can predict occupational success:  Rejoinder to Ben Shakhar, Et Al; Perceptual and Motor Skills, 66, 92-94, 1988.

Pearl, R. - The value of handwriting in neurological examination; The Mount Sinai Journal of Medicine, 41, 1, 200-204, 1974.

Peeples, E. Edward, PhD, University of Northern Colorado - Measurement of Handwriting Factors; Perceptual and Motor Skills, 68; 142, 1989.

Peeples, E. Edward, PhD, University of Northern Colorado - Copied versus free writing, 1993.

Peeples, E. Edward, PhD, University of Northern Colorado - Genetics and handwriting, a study of the handwritings of family members, 1988.

Pritchard, Anita - Reliability of graphological judgments based on different techniques of handwriting analysis; Szondi Test as a diagnostic tool in a clinical setting; Doctoral Dissertation (date unknown).

Sasson, R. - Childrens Handwriting As An Indicator of Stress; International Journal of Psychology; V0027 N3-4, p 440, Jun-Aug 1992.

Schwarz, Daniel (graduate student) College of Criminal Justice, New York - A validity study of graphology:  Its usefulness in assessing integrity in identifying people prone to committing theft; Master’s Thesis, 1992.

Smith, Willa, Ed.D - Relationship between handwriting and creativity in 5th grade children; Doctoral Dissertation, 1984.

Stelmach, G. (Ed.) - Arizona State University; Motor control of handwriting, 1991.

Steward, R.A.C. - Effects of self-esteem and status on size of signature; Perceptual and Motor Skills, Vol. 44, 1977.

Swanson, B. & R. Price - Signature size and status; Journal of Social Psychology, 19, 63-67, 1972.

TenHouten, W., M. Seifer, P. Siegal - Aloxithymia and the split brain:  Evidence from graphological signs.  Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 331-338, 1988.

Vellutino, F. -Dyslexia; Scientific American, 34-41, March 1987.

Wellingham-Jones, Patricia, PhD, RN - Characteristics of handwriting subjects with multiple sclerosis; Perceptual and Motor Skills, 73, 867-879, 1991.

Wellingham-Jones, Patricia, PhD, RN - Mouth writing by a quadriplegic; Perceptual and Motor Skills, 72, 1324-1326, 1991.

Yank, Jane Redfield, MSSW - Handwriting variations in individuals with multiple personality disorder; Dissociation, vol. IV, No. 1, March 1991.

Zaklan, Marilyn - Graphology in the field of mental health:  A diagnostic tool; Master’s Thesis.

Zwigenhaft, R.L. - Signature size:  A key to status awareness; Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 81, 1970.

Further Suggested Reading:

Miller, James H. - Bibliography of Handwriting Analysis:  a Graphological Index, The Whiston Publishing Company, Troy, New York, 1982.

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